The adolescent’s personality is also dictated by hormonal changes

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During adolescence, a child’s body grows and develops faster than at any other time in its life. Now, the child experiences a lot of changes.

Physical changes occur first

Although parents first notice the sudden transitions from one state to another, hormonal fluctuations first produce the increase in height by 10 centimeters per year, weight gain, the appearance and thickening of body hair, the change of voice.

Hormonal changes occur when the pituitary gland at the base of the brain, which controls hormonal balance, prompts the sex glands (ovaries for girls and testicles for boys) to secrete higher levels of female (estrogen and progesterone) or male ( testosterone). They are the reason for all the physical changes that occur during puberty, but also for the emotional ones, such as mood changes.

Acne is also due to hormones

The most common problem that many teenagers complain about is certainly acne. It is also caused by hormonal fluctuations and, however difficult it may be for teenagers to accept, they are part of the long process of growth. There are also foods that intensify the appearance of acne: spices, oily foods (nuts, peanuts), fast food.

Stress and anxiety caused by hormones

Often, teenagers suffer from stress or anxiety, especially during exams. And this time, the hormonal changes are the ones that cause them, as a result of the state changes that occur during this period. No matter how harmless these inconveniences may seem, as a result of stress, depression or digestive problems can also occur: hyperacidity, indigestion, constipation.

What can parents do?

In this difficult period for the whole family, not only for teenagers, as a parent it is good to give the child all the patience and emotional support he needs, but also to strengthen his confidence in his own strength. Here’s what else you can do:

– to understand his passions. If he likes to spend his time chatting with his friends, let him. Try to talk to him about this and other activities he can do with friends, such as outdoor sports.

-don’t scold him in public and especially don’t make him feel like he’s incapable of anything. If you don’t like his passions, that doesn’t mean he doesn’t have his own skills.

-try not to pressure him to talk when he doesn’t want to. It is better to be his friend now and accept his secrets. That way he will see you as a confidant. Show him that you are there when he needs you, with advice or any other kind of help.


If a hundred years ago, these changes occurred later, at the age of 12, today they occur around the age of 10-11. Specialists are of the opinion that factors related to food are among the causes involved.